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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the fake one, someone who took the problem of looking at either of the invoices' serial numbers would see that they were exactly the exact same number, and thus one of them had to be false.
This isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worthiness of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is an issue of controversy, as some miners believe the block size should be increased to accommodate more information.
Note that I said that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid out.
1MB of transactions can technically be small as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions take up.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the perfect answer to a numeric issue. This process is also known as a proof of work.
The fantastic news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have heard that miners are solving difficult mathematical problems--that is not true in any way. What they are doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") which is less than or equal to the hash.
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The bad news: Because it's guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in order to get there . To mine , you need to have a high"hash speed," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you could mine with your mining rig's hash rate, the website Cryptocompare provides a helpful calculator.
Either a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations. The photograph below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine. The cards are such rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards into the metal rod.
Case in point : I tell three friends that I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that that site number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the exact number, they simply must be the very first person to figure any number that's less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.
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Let us say I'm thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they've both theoretically arrived at workable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the goal answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51%--that miner to honour. Normally, it's the miner that has done the most work, i.e.
The losing block then becomes an"orphan block" .
Now imagine that I pose the"figure what number click for info I'm thinking of" question, however I am not asking only 3 friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Rather, I am asking millions of prospective miners and I am thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be quite difficult to guess the ideal answer.
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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of try this out this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand these letters are doing in the center of numbers, let us unpack the word"hexadecimal."
As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.